Expanse. Part 3. Project 2. Artist Research. Landscape artists.

Drawing 1. Project 2. Expanse. Research Point page 66.
Research some historic and contemporary artists who work in series with the landscape. You may already be familiar with works my Monet, Cezanne and David Hockney. Look also at work by Peter Doig, John Virtue and other younger artists working today. For example Nicholas Herbert’s series of drawings of the Chiltern Hills at http://nicholasherbert.wordpress.com/tag/contemporary-landscape-drawing/
John Virtue (born 1947)
John Virtue is a British artist who paints landscapes in monochrome tones. He was born in Accrington, Lancashire and trained at The Slade School of Art from 1965 to 1969. He is well know for his ‘London Paintings’ which were displayed at The National Gallery. Virtue only uses black and white, he sees colour as a ‘distraction’. His materials are usually shellac black ink and white paint.
As he has moved from Britain to Italy, then Britain to North Norfolk, his work is in cycles. That means, his art at The National Gallery focused mainly on the London skyline. This included 360 mono types in 2006-07. His moved to Norfolk generated another cycle of paintings about shore and sea. In 1988 his ten year cycle of Lancashire paintings were exhibited in London, Manchester and Los Angeles. He exhibits regularly in Sydney, Australia. Virtue has expressed his admiration for the seventeen century Dutch landscape painters and those of J.M.W.Turner.


Norfolk No.2, 2009, Acrylic, black ink and shellac on canvas, 149.9 x 200.3 cm
From http://www.marlboroughlondon.com/artists/john-virtue/

Therese Oulton (born 1953)
I was looking for a female landscape artist and found Therese Oulton’s work, but not much information about the artist herself. But found this quote……
‘British painter and print maker, born in Shrewsbury. She originally studied anthropology, but she was so impressed by a chance visit to an exhibition of Morris Louis’s Veil paintings that she took up art, first studying at evening classes and then full-time at St Martin’s School of Art, London, 1975–9, and the Royal College of Art, 1980–83. In 1984 she had her first solo show, at Gimpel Fils Gallery, London, and she very quickly established a considerable reputation with her sombre, richly worked abstract or semi-abstract paintings. They are often seen as evoking landscape or architectural forms, and Oulton has even been discussed in terms of the British tradition of landscape painting. The paintings, however, also relate to the invocations of sublime landscape in Abstract Expressionists such as Rothko or later artists such as Per Kirkeby and Anselm Kiefer. Oulton has also produced lithographs and mono types.’
From http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803100257223
Additional reading from; http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2010/feb/28/germaine-greer-therese-oulton-landscapes
In 2010 Oulton had an exhibition called ‘Territory’ in which she showed 24 small landscape format images, which was different from her usual very large works. These landscapes explore light, surface, texture, geography and landscape.


Untitled no. 19
Oil on aluminium
34.3 x 61 cm.

Tacita Dean OBE RA ( born 1965)
An English artist who works mainly in film. Nominated for the Turner Prize in 1998 and elected to the Royal Academy of Arts in 2008. Beside film, she works in drawing, photography and sound. During the 1990’s the sea was her main theme and she explored the story of Donald Crowhurst and his tragic sailing voyage. Dean uses 16 mm film, she spent time living and filming in Germany. Recently Dean has been capturing famous thinkers and artists on film.
‘The Roaring Forties: Seven Boards in Seven Days’ is a series of chalk board by Dean. These have a sense of the black and white classic cinema scenes. The series, on Masonite panels painted with black paint, and drawn in white chalk are eight foot square size. Dean used old photographs as reference, and they show the southern Atlantic ocean between 40 and 50 degrees latitude, which has gale force winds. Dean gave herself seven days to draw seven boards, linking this to how films are made, and how the drawing process is edited like film is. Hence making a story board or narrative.

David Hockney OM CH RA (born 1937-)
David Hockney is an English painter, draftsman, print maker, stage designer and photographer. He is considered one of the most influential British artists of the 20th century.
Hockney is famous for his exhibition and work called The Bigger Picture, where he painted the East Yorkshire Wolds, the place where he was born and grew up. The exhibition at The Royal Academy showed oil paintings, iPad paintings, collages, charcoal drawings, digital videos and sketches all based on landscapes in Yorkshire.
During is vast career Hockney has made many series of works about swimming pools, animals, people, still life and landscapes in the UK and America.


From https://www.treehugger.com/culture/stunning-english-landscape-paintings-made-with-ipad-photos.html

Georgia O’Keeffe ( Born 1887 – 1986)
O’Keeffe was an American artist who was known for her large paintings of flowers, New York skyscrapers and New Mexico landscapes. Trained at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. She felt constrained by her lessons that required her to copy rather than develop her own style. After many years of teaching, O’Keeffe met Arthur Wesley Dow who taught that copying does not develop personal style in design and art. This was a turning point for O’Keeffe and she started a series of watercolours and dramatic charcoal drawings, which led to her abstract style.
Meeting Alfred Stieglitz in 1918, who encouraged he to become a full time artist, she started a series of landscape paintings of New Mexico. Eventually moving full time to Santa Fe, O’Keeffe collected rocks and stones, which were incorporated into her landscapes.


Georgia O’Keeffe, Ram’s Head White Hollyhock and Little Hills, 1935, The Brooklyn Museum
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_O%27Keeffe

Peter Doig (Born 1959)
A Scottish painter who lives in Trinidad. Famous for his painting ‘White Canoe’ which sold for a record £5.7 million in 2007. Doig’s paintings are landscapes, but very abstract. He gets his inspiration from photographs, newspaper clippings, movie scenes, record album covers and works by Edvard Munch. His work is not realistic, but based in what he ‘takes’ from the photograph. In 1994 he created a series of urban structures based on derelict Le Cobrusier’s modernist living apartments called ‘Concrete Cabins’.


Peter Doig
The Architects Home In The Ravine
Oil on Canvas
200 x 275cm
From https://www.saatchigallery.com/artists/artpages/doig_the_architects_home_in_the_ravine.htm

Claude Monet (1840- 1926)

Monet the most famous French Impressionist painter and prolific artist of his time. The term ‘impressionism’ is derived from the title of one of his oil paintings, ‘Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise) of 1874. Monet spent his life painting the French countryside, by painting the same scene many times to capture the light changes and the seasons. In 1883 Monet moved to Giverny, where he became famous for painting his water lilies and Japanese bridge, which appeared in his large paintings. This subject occupied him for over twenty years of his life.


Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant), 1872; the painting that gave its name to the style and artistic movement. Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Monet

Paul Cezanne ( 1839-1906)
Cezanne was a Post-Impressionist painter, much admired by Matisse and Picasso, making him the ‘father of us all’. Cezanne painted few subjects, those being landscape, still life and bathers. He was interested in ‘simplifying’ the subject into cone, cylinder or cone shapes. He painted with careful, repetitive and exploratory brushstrokes. He studied subjects closely using planes of colour to build up the picture plane.
Cezanne is to have formed a bridge between late 19th century Impressionism and early 20th century ‘Cubism’.
Even though Cezanne exhibited, he was not well received in France. So Cezanne chose to work in increasing artistic isolation, usually painting in the south of France, in his beloved Provence, far from Paris.
In 1897 he climbed Montagne Sainte-Victoire, there he stayed in a cabin and painted extensively the landscape. It is understood that’s how his ‘Cubist’ style started.
Cezanne immortalized the Provençal countryside with his broad, panoramic views. Often these are framed in branches, sometimes with architectural elements, but seldom with human activity. These too are still life. Cezanne’s landscapes were not painted in the open air, as were those of the Impressionists, nor were they captured first with a camera. He composed the pictures the way he wanted them — arranging the trees and the houses, probably gleaned from his sketchbooks, on the canvas in the configurations he decided upon.’
From https://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/cezanne/land/


Bords d’une rivière (Riverbanks)
1904-05 (180 Kb); Oil on canvas, 65 x 81 cm (25 1/4 x 31 7/8 in); Private collection, Switzerland; Venturi no. 771
From https://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/cezanne/land/



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